# Articles — Math

Articles tagged Math

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y=c/x
$$y=\frac{c}{x}$$
Bowen
ProofOfEuler'sFormula
Proof of Euler's Formula
SOLAR SALES ON YOUR TRIP TO MARS
We study Logarithmically Spiral Trajectories and, in particular, we look for a solution to minimize the transit time of a Spacecraft propelled by a Solar Sail, while simultaneously minimizing the area of the Solar Sail, which would allow us to carry more payload on board. We start by analyzing the forces that act on the Spacecraft taking into account that its propellant is a Solar Sail; we use the studied forces to deduce the motion equations. We then solve this motion equation with a Runge-Kutta 4 method and transform the problem of minimizing time and area to a Non-linear Optimization problem. When solving the NLP we also try to minimize the relative final speed of th spacecraft with the destination planet in order to guarantee the possibility of a safe landing on its surface. The model improves when an angle parameter α (describing the angle formed by the Solar Sail with the colliding photons) is defined as a piecewise constant function and optimized whose values are optimized in every interval to minimize transit time and Area. Using the developed model to optimize the trajectory to be followed for sending from Earth to Mars a 2000kg-spacecraft propelled by a Solar Sail, subject to the condition that at trajectory start Mars and Earth were at their closest approach, and the Arrival Relative Velocity is less than 9km/s, give us a minimal transit time of 500days and a minimal area for the Solar Sail of 183158m2, meaning that the maximal payload would be 718kg. Compared with different number of partitions of α, the optimum stays stable. This gives a solid optimal trajectory and a great result for the numerical method used. Actually, waiting until the best moment to throw the Spacecraft, id est, Mars is at 1.14 radians respectively to Earth initial position, the minimal sail area 145950 m2 and, therefore, ables to transport until 978 kg of payload with the same transit time. In addition and to conclude we tried the model to optimize the inverse trajectory.
Marco Praderio Bova, Eneko Martin Martinez, & Maria dels Àngels Guinovart Llort
Women and mathematics at the Universities in Prague
This study is focused on lives of twelve women who prepared their doctorates in mathematics at the Faculty of Philosophy of the German University in Prague in the years 1882–1945, respectively at the Faculty of Science of the Czech University in Prague in the years 1882–1920 and 1921–1945 (known as Charles University in Prague in the latter period). In the first part, a short description of the historical background about women's studies at the universities in the Czech lands and a statistical overview of all PhD degrees in mathematics awarded at both universities in Prague is given for a better understanding of the situation with women's doctoral procedures. In the second part, a description of the successful doctoral procedures in mathematics of three women at the German University in Prague and of eight women at Charles University in Prague, as well as one unsuccessful doctoral procedure, are presented.
Martina Bečvářová
Robot localization in a mapped environment using Adaptive Monte Carlo algorithm
Localization is the challenge of determining the robot's pose in a mapped environment. This is done by implementing a probabilistic algorithm to filter noisy sensor measurements and track the robot's position and orientation. This paper focuses on localizing a robot in a known mapped environment using Adaptive Monte Carlo Localization or Particle Filters method and send it to a goal state. ROS, Gazebo and RViz were used as the tools of the trade to simulate the environment and programming two robots for performing localization.
Sagarnil Das
Alana completo
Tarefa 4
Alana Felisardo
Abstraktna algebra 2014/15
Vaje
Boštjan Kuzman
Modélisation de l’évacuation d’un immeuble en cas d’incendie
When an issue arises in a building, people's evacuation is a recurring challenge. We wondered whether we could make a realistic simulation of people’s evacuation based on a simple physical model. First, we elaborated this model and then we simulate the people’s comportment on MATLAB. We could conclude that our simulation is enough to describe the general comportment of people.
Guillaume
Integration of Some Elementary Integrals
Integration of some elementary integrals